Infertility is a common problem for many couples all around the world. The majority of people do not realize they might have problems with fertility until they start trying for a baby.
Infertility is a common problem for many couples all around the world. The majority of people do not realize they might have problems with fertility until they start trying for a baby. Only after a few month of unsuccessful attempts, intended parents start to question, whether everything is all right. But the best way to find out is to consult a specialist on reproductive medicine, for example a doctor from the IVF Group.
How to diagnose infertility?
It is normal to try for a baby during up to 12 months. In order to conceive it is important to have sex around the time of ovulation. However, if all attempts during many months are unsuccessful, you should consult a doctor. It is believed, that the woman is the problem in most cases, but there is an equal chance that the male partner is infertile. Sometimes there problems with both partners.
There are different tests for men and women. Diagnosing female infertility includes:
- Testing hormone levels to find out if a woman is ovulating;
- Testing ovarian reserve for quantity and quality of eggs;
- X-ray scanning of the uterus and fallopian tubes;
- Pelvic ultrasound scanning, etc.
Male fertility tests include:
- Semen analysis;
- Blood test for hormone levels;
- Testicular biopsy in order to collect sperm and tissue samples;
- esting for genetic defects, etc.
Causes of infertility
There are different causes of infertility among men and women. Male infertility could be caused by:
- Low sperm motility due to the older age;
- Problems with immune system;
- Excess weight or insufficient weight, etc.
There are more factors for female infertility:
- Age over 30;
- Cysts on the ovaries;
- Irregular menstruation, which affects ovulation;
- Hormonal imbalance;
- Excessive alcohol intake;
- High level of stress;
- Certain eating disorders, etc.
Early diagnosis might help to prevent many causes of infertility, or treat them more easily. It is always advised to consult a doctor.